Q2273

 

Задания 10-17

 

The Winter Olympic Games

 

Originated by the ancient Greeks, the Olympic Games are the leading international sporting event. The games were revived by Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin, and the first modern Olympics were held in 1896.

The Winter Olympic Games were not a part of the modern Olympics when they started. They were played separately as the Nordic Games. The Nordic Games were the first international sporting event that focused primarily on sports played in winter. A person called Victor Balck, a close friend of Pierre de Coubertin, organised the first Nordic Games. It was Victor’s idea to include winter games in the Olympics.

However, only in 1924, the first Winter Olympic Games were held as a separate event in Chamonix, France. Athletes competed in 16 events in six different sports. The Games were held from 1924 until 1936, after which they were interrupted by World War II. The Olympics resumed in 1948 and were arranged every four years.

In 1994, it was decided to hold the Summer and Winter Olympic Games in different years. So in fact, we can watch the Olympic Games once every two years. First, the Summer Games, then, in two years, the Winter Games, and two years after the Summer Games again. So one set of Olympic Games, summer or winter, is held every two years.

As time went on more sports were introduced to the Winter Olympiad. Nowadays there are fifteen sport disciplines, four of them are indoor sports: curling, figure skating, speed skating and ice hockey.

The Winter Olympics have been hosted in 19 cities in different countries. Some cities have arranged the main international winter sporting event several times: Lake Placid (the USA), Innsbruck (Austria), St Moritz (Switzerland).  But the Winter Olympic Games have never been held in Africa, Australia, South America or Antarctica.

In 2014, Sochi, Russia was the host of the XXII Winter Olympic Games. A total of 98 events in 15 winter sport disciplines were held during the Games. Lots of sporting records and unique results were recorded at the Olympic Games. However, there were several records which were set during the preparation and Olympiad organization. Sochi was the first sub-tropical city that has ever organized the Winter Olympic Games.   Before the start of the XXII Games in Sochi, the Olympic torch travelled the longest distance in history to some amazing places, including the North Pole, the bottom of Lake Baikal (the world’s deepest lake), the top of Mount Elbrus (Europe’s highest mountain), and even into outer space. For the first time in Olympic history, a public vote was held to decide the mascots, symbols that bring good luck to the event, for the Olympics. It was decided that the mascots of the Olympic Games, would be a Leopard, a Polar Bear, and a Hare. They looked very cute and contributed to the success of the Games.

 

 

10. Pierre de Coubertin was a famous sportsman.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

11. Victor Balck proposed to add winter sports to the list of Olympic sports.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

12. There was more than a ten-year break in the history of the Winter Olympic Games.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

13. The Winter Olympic Games are held every two years.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

14. Several new sports were added to the list of the Winter Olympiad after 1924.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

15. According to the plans, the next Winter Olympic Games will be held in Australia.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

16. The Olympic torch visited several extreme places before the 2014 Games in Sochi.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

17. The mascots of the XXII Olympic Games were chosen by the Olympic Committee.

1) True

2) False

3) Not stated

 

 

 

Аудирование Чтение Языковой материал Письмо Говорение