ОГЭ-2191

 

Задание 9

 

  1. Where is the history of the Olympic Games presented to the visitors?
  2. What were the reasons to stop the Olympic Games twice in the 20th century?
  3. How many Olympic Games were held in Greece?
  4. What are the official languages of the modern Olympics?
  5. What were the life-long benefits for the first Olympic Games winners?
  6. What does the Olympic symbol mean?
  7. Why was that place chosen for the Olympic Games?

 

A. A victory in the Olympic Games in Ancient Greece made a man a national hero and all the little children wanted to be like him. The first champions got free food and housing for their whole lives. They were mentioned in poems and became well-known all over the country. Sculptors even built statues of the competitors. Everyone respected and admired them.

 

B. Olympia was a relatively peaceful and neutral area. It had a beautiful green valley which was very suitable for all kinds of sports competitions. People could easily get to Olympia because there were two rivers nearby. It was impossible to find a better place anywhere else in Greece.

 

C. The Olympic Museum was founded in 1993 in Switzerland. It is surrounded by a park with wonderful works of art based on a sporting theme. It has a big collection of pieces connected with the Olympic movement. It also has the largest number of books and documents about the Games in the world. No wonder the place is one of the main tourist attractions.

 

D. The modern Olympics began in 1894. Baron Pierre de Coubertin, a Frenchman, decided to bring back the ancient Greek tradition. He wanted to begin a sports festival to celebrate health, youth and peace. The first modern Olympiad took place in Athens in 1896. Since then, the Olympic Games have been held every four years with two exceptions because of the two world wars

 

E. The Olympic Games traditionally start with the “Parade of the Nations”. Most of the participating athletes walk out into the stadium. The Greek athletes open the parade and the hosts appear on stadium the last. The name of each country is announced in French and English, the official languages of the Olympic Games, and the language spoken in the country that organizes the Games.

 

F. The five Olympic rings represent the five main regions of the world – Africa, the Americas, Asia, Europe and Oceania. They are blue, yellow, black, green and red because every national flag in the world includes one of these five colours. The rings are connected and there is a reason for it. It’s done to show that the Games are for all nations. All good sportsmen can come and compete against one another in unity.

 

 

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