Задание 9


  1. Nobody lives there                                                                                            5. A message to future generations
  2. A place to watch sports and purchase goods                                            6. Getting a nickname after reconstruction
  3. Enjoy buying something from the past                                                       7. The most expensive construction project
  4. Let big boats go under                                                                                     8. Real-life help from a fairy tale


A. Tower Bridge, which is over a hundred years old, has become a symbol of London. It is the only bridge on the Thames that can be raised and lowered to allow ships to pass. The Tower drawbridges have been raised more than half a million times since it was built. Nowadays it takes only 90 seconds for the heavy drawbridges to be raised with electric motors. It is considered that watching the Tower Bridge opening brings good luck.


B. Portobello Market is among the most famous London street markets. It has been a market since the 1800s but became famous for its antiques in the 1950s. On Saturdays the place is crowded with Londoners and tourists. There are numerous stalls offering vintage and designer clothes, books, music and loads of antiques. It is a place where everyone can find something really unique.


C. Waterloo Bridge is a foot traffic bridge crossing the River Thames in London. It was opened in 1817, on the second anniversary of the famous battle. A century later, in the early 1940s, the famous Bridge needed to be rebuilt. It was during World War II, and most men were away fighting. So the bridge was rebuilt mainly by women. The new Waterloo Bridge was opened in 1945 and got a second name, the ‘Ladies Bridge’.


D. Wembley Stadium is a football stadium located in Wembley Park, London. The stadium is the home not only to football. It also hosts concerts, rugby games and American football games. There is Wembley Market not far from the stadium. Unlike many London street markets this one is situated in an open space. A visit here is a good option for football fans to find club T-shirts, boots or accessories.


E. 23 and 24 Leinster Gardens in Paddington (just opposite Hyde Park) are fake houses built to hide the Tube line running underneath. The windows are painted on, there are no letter boxes, and behind the facade there is a railway. The first London underground trains were steam trains so they needed ventilation. Underground lines were planned with tunnels and open air sections so the trains could let out their steam and smoke, and that is what the house facades are hiding.


F. Great Ormond Street Hospital, which is situated at Russell Square, London, owns the copyright to Peter Pan, a story written by J.M. Barrie. The author had no children himself and gifted the rights to his famous literary pieces to the hospital in 1929. The hospital receives royalties from all films, cartoons and performances of Peter Pan. All the money is used to run the hospital.


G. Cleopatra’s Needle, the obelisk on the Thames Embankment, was brought to London in 1819 from Alexandria, the royal city of Cleopatra. Underneath Cleopatra’s Needle there’s a time capsule from 1778 that’s said to contain copies of the Bible in several languages, a portrait of Queen Victoria, a set of British coins, cigars, a razor, a map of London, copies of 10 daily newspapers, and pictures of 12 best looking English women of the day.








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