- Educational policy 5. Pirate’s treasure
- Disputed territory 6. The main city
- Getting acquainted with the islands’ history 7. Islands’ profile
- Living in harmony with nature 8. Using environmentally friendly sources
A. About 250 miles off the coast of South America lie the Falkland Islands, a British overseas territory. In terms of size, the Falkland Islands’ land area measures up to be about the same as that of Northern Ireland. About 3,000 people live on the islands; they mostly make a living from sheep farming and fishing. Like most isolated communities around the world, the people of the Falkland Islands are always pleased to welcome tourists.
B. Stanley is home to over three quarters of the population. Everything outside Stanley is known locally as ‘Camp’, and is home to numerous farms and settlements spread across the islands. Although one of the smallest capitals in the world, Stanley provides a variety of supermarkets, excellent restaurants and hotels, a swimming pool, gym and golf course.
C. Open whenever tour ships are in port, the Falkland Islands Museum contains artifacts from everyday life, natural history samples and a fine collection relating to the islands’ shipwrecks. Outside displays include the Reclus Hut, originally made in Stanley, then shipped to Antarctica and set up there in 1956. Forty years later the famous house was brought back.
D. The government provides equipment and supplies for learning throughout the Islands. There are only about 380 children of school age living there! For them, there is a primary and a secondary school in Stanley, and three small settlement schools on large farms. Other rural pupils are taught by ‘travelling’ teachers. Schooling is free and compulsory for children between five and sixteen years of age. The government pays for older students to attend colleges, usually in the UK.
E. The deep waters of the South Atlantic are rich in marine life, key to the survival of a variety of species breeding on the archipelago. The Falkland Islands are home to five different species of penguin. People may notice whales or dolphins in the harbour, sea lions lying on the rocks, or some of the 227 bird species that fill the skies. It’s a rare place on earth where people and wildlife seem to co-exist happily.
F. The Falkland Islands government is taking advantage of cheap, green energy – wind power. Since 1996, the government has been investing in the development of alternative sources of energy and can already enjoy the results. The Islands have experimented with other forms of energy, including hydro-electric and solar power. However, these forms cannot match the effectiveness of wind power yet.
G. The Falklands War was fought in 1982 between Argentina and the United Kingdom. It started with the Argentine invasion and occupation of the Falkland Islands and South Georgia. The war lasted 74 days and ended with an Argentine defeat. It resulted in the deaths of 257 British and 649 Argentine soldiers and sailors, and the deaths of three civilian Falkland Islanders. However, Argentina still has not fully given up its claim to the territory of the islands.