New Zealand: geography
New Zealand consists of two main islands and a number of smaller islands so scattered that they range from the tropical to the Antarctic. New Zealand ___IS_LOCATED___ about 2,012 km southeast of Australia.
The two main islands are the North Island and the South Island, ___SEPARATED___ by Cook Strait. The North Island is 829 km long and volcanic in its south-central part.
South Island has the Southern Alps along its west coast, with Mount Cook being the ___HIGHEST___ point. Other inhabited islands include Stewart Island, the Chatham Islands, and Great Barrier Island.
In northern Québec and Labrador, temperatures ___HAVE_RISEN___ two degrees Celsius since the mid-1990s. That rise has helped more trees grow in the area which was previously too cold for trees.
And the more trees that grow, the ___WARMER___ the region becomes. “The cold landscape that we are accustomed to in northern Canada ___WILL_BE___ a thing of the past soon,” specialists predict.
New Zealand: history
What do you know about the history of New Zealand? Maoris were the ___FIRST___ inhabitants of New Zealand, arriving to the islands in about 1000. Maori oral history maintains that the Maoris came to the island in seven canoes from other parts of Polynesia.
In 1642, New Zealand ___WAS_EXPLORED___ by Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator.
British captain James Cook made three voyages to the islands, ___BEGINNING___ in 1769. Britain formally annexed the islands in 1840.