ЕГЭ-3140

 

Задания 19-25

 

 

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New Zealand: geography

 

New Zealand consists of two main islands and a number of smaller islands so scattered that they range from the tropical to the Antarctic. New Zealand ___LOCATE___ about 2,012 km southeast of Australia.

The two main islands are the North Island and the South Island, ___SEPARATE___ by Cook Strait. The North Island is 829 km long and volcanic in its south-central part.

South Island has the Southern Alps along its west coast, with Mount Cook being the ___HIGH___ point. Other inhabited islands include Stewart Island, the Chatham Islands, and Great Barrier Island.

 

 

Global warming

 

In northern Québec and Labrador, temperatures ___RISE___ two degrees Celsius since the mid-1990s. That rise has helped more trees grow in the area which was previously too cold for trees.

And the more trees that grow, the ___WARM___ the region becomes. “The cold landscape that we are accustomed to in northern Canada ___BE___ a thing of the past soon,” specialists predict.

 

 

New Zealand: history

 

What do you know about the history of New Zealand? Maoris were the ___ONE___ inhabitants of New Zealand, arriving to the islands in about 1000. Maori oral history maintains that the Maoris came to the island in seven canoes from other parts of Polynesia.

In 1642, New Zealand ___EXPLORE___ by Abel Tasman, a Dutch navigator.

British captain James Cook made three voyages to the islands, ___BEGIN___ in 1769. Britain formally annexed the islands in 1840.

 

 

 

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