Прочитайте рассказ и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании обведите букву A, B, C или D, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.
In search for a graduate job
As I write this, exhausted, fingers on the keys of an equally tired laptop, closing the twenty-something open windows before me, I find myself a little sad. Sitting here, sifting through a Google search muddle of: “Graduate job Scotland”, “Graduate schemes UK”, “Graduate work, anywhere, please?”, “Soon to be extremely poor graduate, HELP!”, I realize that I might never find the elusive placement I’m after.
Melodramatic Googling aside, the job crisis is real, and it could be hitting us harder in 2017 than ever before. These attempts – vague Internet searches, seemingly empty threads towards one highly competitive position at a company hundreds of miles away, never ending applications – are rather disappointing. Granted, this may not apply to those smart enough who found a job from day one. But, for the rest of us, the uncertain majority, it is increasingly clear that a university education alone is not the life-affirming trip to professional work that it once was.
Where it is fair to say that degrees are still highly regarded in the working world, they are no longer a golden ticket. In fact, last year statistics stated that around 58% of graduates are in jobs deemed to be “non-graduate” positions. Another survey revealed that graduates from the wealthiest 20% of families were still earning 30% more than the rest ten years after leaving higher education. Clearly then, despite my own fruitless search on career websites, there are positions out there. But with the majority of graduates entering into jobs without a degree requirement, and the elite minority remaining the UK’s top earners, are we experiencing a turn in graduate opportunity?
Something I have found really striking about application process is simply how costly it is. I spent the past four years building a solid CV, working in and out of university to refine my own professional skills and felt rather confident in my ability to find relevant work in Scotland. However, as filling in forms leads to booking trains or planes, arranging serial interviews, checking into inns, choosing transport routes, it seems that opportunity is twinned with your financial situation. Well, my card was recently declined in the library café, so this is something that is weighing on my mind.
While the wealthiest of graduates continue to snag the high earning positions after University, the rest of us face new competition, as graduate vacancies are once again streamlined by the rise of apprenticeships. But, where does it leave us, the soon to be un-qualified, over-qualified degree holders of 2017 that have slipped through the employment net? Is it back to full-time education for the rest of our lives? Working “for now”, saving until your dream becomes financially viable? Applying anyway? Taking out another loan (or five)? Truth is, it’s probably all of these things.
It’s probably sticking it out, demanding to be listened to, building up a CV that you are proud of and staying true to your own aspirations. It’s probably all the things we were told at the Careers Fairs, in interviews, by our parents and preached ourselves. University might no longer be the only slipway into professional work, but it is a weighted way in, and that degree (which, by the way, you will get) is something you have earned and something that will open doors for you, even if you can’t see them just yet and even if, in 2017, there is a bit more of a queue.
12. How did the author feel while searching the Internet?
13. What does the author think about a university education?
A) Application process is very competitive.
B) Intelligent students benefit most from it.
C) It makes you sure about your future.
D) It doesn’t guarantee you a good job.
14. What does statistics show about graduate jobs?
A) The minority of students are content with their work.
B) The cleverest students ensure the best jobs.
C) Most of the graduates get low-qualified positions.
D) Graduates of elite universities get the highest salaries.
15. What worries the author about job application process?
A) Finding suitable work is time-consuming.
B) Arranging interviews is quite difficult.
C) You have to pay to improve your CV.
D) Applying for a job turns out rather expensive.
16. The expression “have slipped through employment net” (paragraph 5) is used to refer to …
A) job applicants.
B) recent graduates.
C) working students.
D) employees in general.
17. Which option for graduates does the author NOT discuss?
A) Accepting an unsuitable position.
B) Continuing an unsuitable training.
C) Applying for non-degree jobs.
D) Taking money from a bank.
18. What conclusion does the author come to?
A) University education is no longer necessary.
B) Graduating from a university will benefit you anyway.
C) Careers fair is a good way to enter professional world.
D) The competition to get a job will be even tougher.