A — 3: and ran from the station “Sokolniki”
B — 1: to be used for civil defence
C — 2: that the Metro was to be used as
D — 4: as they look like magnificent palace halls
E — 5: which were created by the leading artists of
F — 7: and “Komsomolskaya-Koltsevaya” with mosaics by P. Korin
The Moscow Metro is a rapid transit system serving Moscow and the neighbouring Moscow region towns of Krasnogorsk and Reutov. This is the second in intensity metro system in the world after the Tokyo subway. The system consists of 12 lines with a total length of 298.8 km, with 182 stations.
The first line was opened on May 15, 1935 __and ran from the station “Sokolniki”__ to the station “Park Kultury”, with a branch to the station “Smolenskaya”. The Moscow Metro was originally named after L. Kaganovich. Almost from the first years of the Moscow Metro, it was intended __to be used for civil defence__. In April 1941 it was declared __that the Metro was to be used as__ a mass bomb shelter. During World War II thousands of Muscovites were hiding there from air strikes.
The Moscow Metro is known for the rich decorative design work of many stations with samples of art of socialist realism. Moscow metro stations are also called “underground palaces of Moscow” __as they look like magnificent palace halls__.
The underground complexes are decorated with statues and reliefs, monumental and decorative compositions such as paintings, mosaics and stained-glass windows, __which were created by the leading artists of__ the country. For instance, stations “Pushkinskaya” and “Ploschad Revolyutsii” are decorated with 76 bronze sculptures by M. Manizer, and “Kropotkinskaya” __and “Komsomolskaya-Koltsevaya” with mosaics by P. Korin__. Many stations belong to the most interesting monuments of architecture of 1930–1950. Some of them are officially protected by the state.