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The Moscow Metro is a rapid transit system serving Moscow and the neighbouring Moscow region towns of Krasnogorsk and Reutov. This is the second in intensity metro system in the world after the Tokyo subway. The system consists of 12 lines with a total length of 298.8 km, with 182 stations.
The first line was opened on May 15, 1935 (A) ______ to the station “Park Kultury”, with a branch to the station “Smolenskaya”. The Moscow Metro was originally named after L. Kaganovich. Almost from the first years of the Moscow Metro, it was intended (B) ______. In April 1941 it was declared (C) ______ a mass bomb shelter. During World War II thousands of Muscovites were hiding there from air strikes.
The Moscow Metro is known for the rich decorative design work of many stations with samples of art of socialist realism. Moscow metro stations are also called “underground palaces of Moscow” (D) ______.
The underground complexes are decorated with statues and reliefs, monumental and decorative compositions such as paintings, mosaics and stained-glass windows, (E) ______ the country. For instance, stations “Pushkinskaya” and “Ploschad Revolyutsii” are decorated with 76 bronze sculptures by M. Manizer, and “Kropotkinskaya” (F) ______. Many stations belong to the most interesting monuments of architecture of 1930–1950. Some of them are officially protected by the state.
- to be used for civil defence
- that the Metro was to be used as
- and ran from the station “Sokolniki”
- as they look like magnificent palace halls
- which were created by the leading artists of
- which was considered a masterpiece of architecture
- and “Komsomolskaya-Koltsevaya” with mosaics by P. Korin