A — 2: were born in other countries
B — 5: may have travelled from Asia across
C — 7: were criminals sent to live in Australia
D — 6: thousands of new immigrants, and by
E — 3: Australia also defines itself by
F — 4: many animal species that occur here
Australia is one of the world’s most ethnically diverse nations. Nearly a quarter of the people who live in Australia __were born in other countries__. They come from the United Kingdom and other European countries, but also from China, Vietnam, North Africa, and the Middle East.
First people arrived in Australia about 50,000 years ago. They __may have travelled from Asia across__ land bridges when sea levels were lower. The next to land in Australia were Dutch explorers. They came in 1606. In 1788 the British began to settle there. Many settlers __were criminals sent to live in Australia__ as punishment. For a short time, the newcomers lived peacefully with the Aboriginal people.
In 1851, gold was discovered in Australia. A rush to find riches brought __thousands of new immigrants, and by__ 1859, six separate colonies were created which later became part of the British Commonwealth.
Australian culture is founded on stories of battlers, bushrangers and brave soldiers. Today __Australia also defines itself by__ its Aboriginal heritage, vibrant mix of cultures, innovative ideas and a thriving ecosystem.
Australia’s ecosystem is an unusual one because of its remote location. As a result, there are __many animal species that occur here__ and nowhere else in the world, such as kangaroo and koala.
One of Australia’s most amazing sites rises like an enormous whale’s back from a flat desert called the Red Center. It is a sacred natural formation at the heart of the country and the largest rock in the world!