ЕГЭ-1319 — Ответы



Задания 3-9

Тексты для аудирования



Presenter: Today, in our ‘Meet a Celebrity’ weekly program, we are talking to a successful filmmaker, Jim Slogan. Welcome, Jim!

Jim: Good afternoon, everyone, it’s good to be here, thank you for inviting me.

Presenter: So, Jim, did you want to be a filmmaker when you were growing up?

Jim: I grew up on a steady diet of Science Fiction. In high school, I took a bus to school and I was always absorbed in a Science Fiction book, which took my mind to other worlds. I had a deep interest in other worlds, but didn’t have an idea of where it’d take me in life. Whenever I wasn’t in school, I was out in the woods taking samples – frogs and snakes, and bringing them back, looking at them under the microscope. I was trying to understand the world and the limits of possibility.

Presenter: Ha! Sounds like you could have become a scientist then.

Jim: Well, not really. I was an artist. I could draw and paint. And I found that it was because of new video games. So, I had to create these images in my head. You know, we all did it as kids. Read a book and made a picture in our heads. And so, my own response was to paint, to draw alien creatures, alien worlds, robots, space ships, all that stuff.

Presenter: I see. So, in your art, you had this combination of science and imagination that eventually has lead to movies, right?

Jim: Yes. When I choose a career as an adult, it was filmmaking because that seemed like the best way to reconcile this urge I had to tell stories with my urge to create images. Filmmaking was the way to put pictures and stories together. And of course, the stories that I chose to tell were Science Fiction stories.

Presenter: Yes, most of your films are Sci-Fi, and in all them, you used some kind of highly complex technology. Do you choose your plot to fit the technical possibilities? Or do you create technology to suit your needs?

Jim: Usually we come up with ways to realize my film ideas. In one of my films, we created this water creature and we used computer generated animation. And this resulted in the first computer animated character that was ever in a movie. I witnessed something amazing. The global audience was in awe with this apparent magic. You know, any really advanced technology is hard to tell apart from magic. I thought ‘Wow, this is something that needs to be used in the Cinema art.’ So, in my next film, we took that much farther. We created the liquid mental figure. We created magic again, and we had the same result with an audience.

Presenter:  You are known for your feature films. But do you ever do documentaries, for example?

Jim: Funny you should ask that. There was actually a moment in my life when I said ‘Okay, I’m going to take a break from my day-job as a Hollywood movie maker, and I’m going to be a full-time explorer for a while.’ And so, with a team we went on an underwater exploration of a major shipwreck, and made a film of that. At the same time, I was getting very interested in Space Science, as well. I got involved with NASA. We put what we were learning on tape.

Presenter: You must have learned a lot through these new experiences.

Jim: I learned a lot about science. But I also learned a lot about leadership. When I made my next Sci-Fi film, I tried to apply the principle of leadership, which is that you respect your team, and you earn their respect in return. And the respect of your team is more important than all the fame in the world.

Presenter: That’s very insightful. What advice would you give to young film directors?

Jim: I would say: ‘Don’t put limits on yourself, other people will do that for you. Don’t do it to yourself. Don’t bet against yourself.  Go and take risks. Whatever you’re doing, failure is an option, but fear is not.’






3 Which of the following does Jim mention about his growing up years?

2) He was interested in nature’s secrets.



4. Jim decided to work in the film industry because he wanted to …

1) have a better chance to express himself.



5. Jim’s first computer animated character was an attempt to …

3) create magic through technology.



6. According to Jim, the use of advanced technology in films …

1) gives the audience a feeling of illusion.



7. Jim took a break from his main career to …

2) study underwater and space worlds.



8. According to Jim, a good leader is a person who is able to …

3) gain the trust and good opinion of the colleagues.



99. Jim’s advice to young film directors is to be …

3) brave.



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