ЕГЭ-1305 — Ответы



Задания 3-9

Тексты для аудирования



Presenter: Hello everybody. I am really happy to greet our new listeners today as well as our faithful audience. We continue to speak about different jobs and right now in our studio we have Nigel, a pilot in training. Hello, Nigel!

Nigel: Hi, it’s great to be here.

Presenter: Thank you, Nigel. Well, first I’d like to find out how you came to be a pilot in training, and perhaps you can tell me something about what lies ahead for you.

Nigel: Well, I grew up in a poor family in Manchester and I left school early. I wasted years before I realized that flying was what I wanted to do. From that moment on I’ve worked really hard toward the day when I’d be a pilot, flying domestic routes here in UK. When I achieve that I’ll be happy. I have no real ambition to make transatlantic flights and to fly any big time international routes.

Presenter: I guess that’s an unusual background for a pilot. So, how did you get started?

Nigel: First, I completed my high school education. While I was studying at school and at night, I also started learning to fly. I had to work two jobs as well, just to afford it, but I wanted a commercial pilot’s license and I would have run through a brick wall to get there. I had to log 250 hours and all sorts of conditions, learn to do all the maneuvers and then do the written test. I then had to do a flight test.

Presenter: So, is that all you had to do to become a pilot?

Nigel: Oh no, you also need an instrument rating for your air craft type.

Presenter: What is that exactly?

Nigel: An instrument rating is about showing that you can fly by instruments alone. When the weather is really poor and you can’t see a thing. To do this you need to do ground training and then pass another flight test. I’m happy to say I just got my rating last week. And besides, you also need to pass a medical test to show that you’re fit to fly. Fortunately I’ve done that successfully too.

Presenter: And what’s left to do before you can follow your dreams, Nigel?

Nigel: I still need to get experience. First, I’ve mainly flown single engine aircraft while I’ve been learning and I need to get some hours flying multi-engine planes. The days of getting hired just because you’ve got a license are long gone. You know, most successful pilot applicants at major airlines have thousands of hours of flight experience.

Presenter: So, is it just time in the air that they want?

Nigel: Oh no, there’s more, much more. The three main factors are the type of aircraft you’ve flown, the amount and complexity of flying you’ve done, and which crew positions you’ve held. But regional or commuter airlines may not need as much. I’ll work for Peanuts that’s what it takes for me to get my first flying job. Of course there’s a lot of water to flown under the river before I get there. But I can say my training period has been really exciting, I’ve met lots of different people and learned so much.

Presenter: Well, Nigel. With the determination you have, I’ve got no doubts, you gonna make it as a pilot. And I bet you end up doing exactly what you planned.

Nigel: Thanks, I hope so.






3. Speaking about his background, Nigel says that…

3) it took him quite long to understand that he wanted to fly.



4. At present, Nigel’s main ambition is to work on …

3) local flights.



5. When Nigel decided to get a pilot’s license, he had to …

2) combine work and studies.



6. Nigel explains that «to get instrument rating» means to demonstrate the ability to …

3) fly in any weather conditions.



7. Nigel can’t get a job with a major airline because …

2) he doesn’t have enough experience.



8. In order to achieve his aim, Nigel still needs to …

1) gain more flying skills.



9.  Before he gets enough experience, Nigel is ready to work …

2) for a low salary.



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